Pollution has become one of the leading causes of deaths, with a high powered UN meeting asking countries to come up with policies to deal with the problem.
The meeting at UNEP Nairobi singled out the organic fuels to cook and heat their homes, exposing mostly women and children to indoor inhaled smoke pollution. United Nations Environment Programme Executive Director Achim Steiner, said that developing countries do not even have the technology to monitor air quality. This means that they may not even be aware of the extent of the problem and are not well placed to come up with policies to deal with the problem. But Mr Steiner remained optimistic despite the bleak picture, saying despite the lack of a holistic response,
numerous countries and regions are coming up with effective — and cost effective — measures to improve air quality.
A few local solutions to the problem of fuel emissions were celebrated in this year’s United Nations Environment Assembly where the report was launched. Even though the continent is currently the least emitter of air pollutants, the study projected that Africa could produce more than half of all the global emissions by 2030. The transport sector is believed to be the biggest source of outdoor pollution and the rise in the number of vehicles in Kenya poses
a big threat to the environment. By using low-sulphur fuels and cleaning up vehicles, the report revealed, Sub Saharan Africa could end up saving up to USD43 billion in the next 10 years. Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda made a pact that from January 2015, only low sulphur fuels would be allowed in the countries. use of fossil fuel as one critical contributor of around 600,000 people dying in Africa from indoor-air-pollution-related causes annually.
A UN data report has revealed more than seven million people died from air-pollutionrelated causes in 2012. The report titled Actions on Air Quality says that rapid growth of cities and megacities in Africa will likely trigger a large increase in air pollutant emissions from burning fossil fuels and traditional biomass. But still 3 billion people
with a substantial figure from Africa, use solid